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At the present day the great fundamental ideas which were the mainstay of our fathers are tottering and They have lost all solidity and at the same time the institutions resting upon them are severely shaken 58Le Bon writing in 1896 How right he was Worldwide political economic religious cultural foundation broke apart in World War 1 Has not reconnected yetWhy not The complexity of social facts is such that it is impossible to grasp them as a whole and to foresee "the effects of their reciprocal influence It seems too that behind " effects of their reciprocal influence It seems too that behind visible facts are hidden at times thousands of invisible causes Visible social phenomena appear to be the result of an immense Unconscious Working That As A working that as a is beyond the reach of our analysis 3 Beyond our reach indeed This modest expression fits Le Bon s book Definite where appropriate careful where needed The memorable events of history are the visible effects of the invisible changes of human thought The reason these great events are so rare is that there is nothing so stable in a race as the inherited groundwork of its thoughts The present epoch 1896 is one of these critical moments in which the thought of mankind is undergoing a process of transformation Human thought transforming Less than decade later in 1914 the world transformed into something totally completely new Two fundamental factors are at the base of this transformation The first totally completely new Two fundamental factors are at the base of this transformation The first the destruction of those religious political and social beliefs in which all the elements of our civilisation are rooted The second is the creation of entirely new conditions of existence and thought as the result of modern scientific and industrial discoveries 8 Destruction and creation of beliefsWhat beliefs The divine right of the masses is about to replace the divine right of ings 11Yes it did What else Science promised us truth or at least a Selen en BD, tome 29 knowledge of such relations as our intelligence can seize it never promised us peace or happiness 12Well maybe now a century later many assume science can bring peace and happiness History tells us that from the moment when the moral forces on which a civilisation rested have lost their strength its final dissolution is brought about by those unconscious and brutal crowdsnown justifiably enough as barbarians Civilisations as yet have only been created and directed by a small intellectual aristocracy never by crowds Crowds are only powerful for destruction Their rule is always tantamount to a barbarian phase A civilisation involves fixed rules discipline a passing from the instinctive to the rational state forethought for the future an elevated degree of culture all of them conditions that crowds left to themselves have invariably shown themselves incapable of realising In conseuence of the purely destructive nature of their power crowds act like those microbes which hasten the dissolution of enfeebled or dead bodies When the structure of a civilisation is rotten it is always the masses that bring about its downfall It is at such a juncture that their chief mission is plainly visible and that for a while the philosophy of number seems the only philosophy of history 13Remember Le Bon is French The French Revolution Napoleon Paris commune German military defeat play on the The following work is devoted to an account of the characteristics of crowds The whole of the common characteristics with which heredity endows the individuals of a race constitute the genius of the race When however a certain number of The Crowd: A Study of the Popular MindUrface of his mind These drastic upheavals occurred in HIS LIFE OR HIS FATHERWHAT CONCLUSION DOES HE DRAW life or his fatherWhat conclusion does he draw all these mass movements When by various processes an idea has ended by penetrating into the minds of crowds it possesses an irresistible power and brings about a series of effects opposition to which is bootless The philosophical ideas which resulted in the French Revolution took nearly a century to implant themselves in the mind of the crowd Their irresistible force when once they had taken root is nown Yep he new people who were there The striving of an entire nation towards the conuest of social euality and the realisation of abstract rights and ideal liberties realisation of abstract rights and ideal liberties the tottering of all thrones and profoundly disturbed the Western world During twenty years the nations were engaged in internecine conflict and Europe witnessed hecatombs that would have terrified Ghengis Khan and Tamerlane The world had never seen on such a scale what may result from the promulgation of an idea 59 Abstract ideas conuers all Who would have imagined ideas destructive than G This book was one of the earliest treatises upon the workings on the mind of crowd or mob behaviour As such when published it really caused people to sit up and take noticeSince that time many many books have been published that do a much better job of eeping the audience s rapt attentionThe writing style is completely dated and I am sure it suffers from translation issues it having been written in the French than 100 years agoThis came recommended by the world fa My review is purely on the print format of the book I was sceptical when I saw that the book was only 58 pages The book is printed on A4 pages It really makes reading this book impossible I Have Read This Book have read this book times Needless to say despite being written than a century ago the book is still highly relevant today especially given the rise in tribalism and populism in recent years Le Bon offers many deep insights regarding the psychology of the crowd and the book definitely helps us understand the mass politics that exist today For Le Bon the crowd is fundamentally irrational and easily influenced by a strong leader Easily riled up a strong leader can influence the crowd to do basically anything no matter how irrational the action The individuals in the crowd loses their individual character and a crowd acts as if it is under a state of hypnosis At the end of the 19th century with the overthrow of the Second French Empire the debate over whether democracy was good or bad was still ongoing Le Bon s opinion was that democracy being good or bad was irrelevant since the irrational mass politics of the crowd will inevitably tend toward democracyThe product itself is of high uality and is very well designed and formatted Definitely worth the price Amazing amazing insights into human psychology and politics As relevant today as the day it was written Most important book I ve read in years and I read a lotI just don t understand how he figured all that out all by himself and so long ago I would say anyone with some degree of nowing themselves would see Le Bon s text as often stating the obvious Nevertheless published in 1895 maybe worth a read given we live in the ag. Hese individuals are gathered together in a crowd for purposes of action observation proves that from the mere fact of their being assembled there result certain new psychological characteristics which are added to the racial characterist. ,

Gustave Le Bon À 4 Summary

E of the crowd AKA mass media social media the Internet But oh dear Pretty early on Le Bon speaks of inferior evolutionay formsyou ve guessed it women NevermindJust another one of those cheap little ebooks that will inform and possibly amuse anyone with an interest in psychologyand lovers of Monty Python perhaps Outstanding Perfectly informative and accurate to the present and as such pasts and futures A comfortable two day readI can thoroughly recommend The Mind was written over a century ago but its insights remain relevant today Le Bon provides entertaining analysis of the characteristics of crowds His primary thesis is that crowds become entities that surpass any of the individual members and essentially take on a life of their own He also provides compelling details about the types of men that rise to govern and lead crowds What is so remarkable about this book is the fact that it was written before but provides such a spot on depiction of what would come to be with Hitler and Germany during WWII That horrific fact of history makes the book worth reading On the downside one observation that does disualify the book as a whole is Le Bon s diminution of womenThe ending is superb I will not give it away but his focus on the erosion of individual liberty and the extreme dangers it poses is very relevant today and his accounting of the cycle of all civilizations is thought provoking and astute It also contributes to the much needed warnings of the dangers of concentrating powers The Crowd is the most highlighted book on my indle Le Bon heaps one penetrating insight upon another in this timeless masterpiece It is as depressing as it is uplifting I do not recommend it to people with weak stomachs or to naive humanists with delusions about the inherent goodness of humanity Likewise though who
think of democracy 
of democracy a natural and sustainable system should avoid this book lest they become flustered from momentum of its case Cognitive dissonance is a terrible illness and Le Bon is bound to to give it to a few naive readers I do not recommend it to elitists who cannot see that they are also members of The Crowd If you are at all interested in any branch of the humanities this belongs in your library Plus you can t beat the price I have read one or two books which struck me as profound and troubling The reason some books are troubling is that they reveal a harsh truth They dig deep into the parts of ourselves which we prefer to remain hidden I now understand why well reasoned fact heavy arguments rarely persuade the majority of anything People prefer a entertaining colourful charismatic tyrant who reflects back the populist mindset People really do judge a book by its cover In fact it would seem that our entire mental libraries contain little else This applies eually to academics statesman and priests once they are in that our entire mental libraries contain little else This applies eually to academics statesman and priests once they are in thrall of a crowdI had just finished Patrick Buchanans book Churchill Hitler and the unnecessary war That book posited the failure of politicians and foreign policy but I see there were no errors as such The reality is the absolute domination of crowd sentiment which drives events and actions of even the most resilient individual Translated from French using old fashion English word. Ics and differ from them at times to a very considerable degree From the Preface to The Crowd A Study of the Popular Mind a pivotal work in the field of group psychology which was written in 1895 by French social psychologist Gustave Le .